When it came to choosing healthy carb choices, eating foods high in fat, protein, and fiber, it was hard to make the decision to eat more than one or two per day, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
But as researchers have learned more about how the body handles carbohydrates, they have found that choosing more than two or three meals a day can be an effective strategy for people on a low-carb diet, the researchers say.
“The more calories you consume, the more carb-restricted you can be,” said study co-author Dr. Daniel J. Pimentel, professor of preventive medicine and chief of the Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism at the University of Southern California.
“So you can go from consuming two meals a week to four meals a month, depending on the number of people you are having people with diabetes, people who are obese, people with high blood pressure, people that are having diabetes.”
The findings of the new study, which was led by the UCSF Division of Preventive Medicine, are consistent with what other research has found.
“I think this is the first study that really gives us a scientific framework on how to do it in this population, and it’s very useful,” Pimentell said.
“What we’re seeing is that there is a clear correlation between having a lot of fat in your diet and being able to eat as many carbohydrates as possible.
We also found that you can have as many carbs as possible with less than two meals per day.”
It seems to be a very effective way to have more carbs than your body can handle, and the calories can be easily consumed, which is important in diabetes and other conditions.
“For most people, a daily intake of about four meals per week is considered the optimal range for optimal health, Pimentels team found.
But for some people, such as diabetics, a diet with fewer than two carb meals a daily can lead to insulin resistance and obesity, which can result in more frequent flare-ups.
The findings also suggest that there’s an optimal number of carbs to eat per day based on the individual’s overall weight and activity levels, which may be different for different people.”
So you might have a very low intake of carbs, but you may also have a higher intake of fats and proteins, which are the components of our diet.””
In general, if your overall weight is lower, your overall caloric intake is lower.
So you might have a very low intake of carbs, but you may also have a higher intake of fats and proteins, which are the components of our diet.”
Researchers analyzed the diets of nearly 800 people with type 2 diabetes who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 2000 and 2010.
The participants were asked to consume a range of foods from different carb categories: four or fewer daily meals, three or more daily meals and four or more meals daily, or zero or more calories per day daily.
“What we found was that there were no differences in the amount of carbs they consumed from day to day,” said Pimentelt.
“But there were differences in their consumption of fat and protein, which we don’t expect to be influenced by a diet that is low in carbohydrates.”
Pimentel and colleagues tested whether people with low-to-moderate-glycemic-index (GI) diets had insulin resistance, or the risk of developing type 2 diabetias and other serious health conditions.
“There was no difference between people on the low-GI diet and those on the high-GI diets,” Pimentalels team said.
“So it’s not really surprising that people who ate the high carb diets had less insulin resistance than those who ate no carb, but there was no significant difference in the risk factors that we think are related to the metabolic syndrome and diabetes.”
In addition to Hahn and Pimentelle, the study was supported by a National Institutes of Health (NIH) award to the UC Davis Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences.